Albertín Aroldis Chapman de la Cruz is a Cuban professional baseball pitcher for the Chicago Cubs of Major League Baseball.
In baseball, the pitcher is the player who throws the baseball from the pitcher's mound toward the catcher to begin each play, with the goal of retiring a batter, who attempts to either make contact with the pitched ball or draw a walk.
Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a unitary sovereign state comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos.
Major League Baseball is a professional baseball organization, the oldest of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada.
Aroldis Chapman 2012 Highlights by MLBHighlights2012
He previously played for the Cincinnati Reds and New York Yankees of MLB and Holguín in the Cuban National Series.
The Cuban National Series is the primary domestic amateur baseball competition in Cuba.
Aroldis Chapman 105 mph Fastball Slow Motion Pitching ... by PastimeAthletics
Chapman bats and throws left-handed, and is nicknamed the Cuban Missile or the Cuban Flame Thrower.
Chapman pitched for Holguín domestically and internationally for the Cuban national baseball team.
He defected from Cuba in 2009 and signed a contract with the Reds in 2010.
A contract is a voluntary arrangement between two or more parties that is enforceable at law as a binding legal agreement.
Chapman made his MLB debut that season.
He won the MLB Delivery Man of the Month Award as the best relief pitcher for July 2012, and has been named to four straight National League All-Star teams from 2012 to 2015.
In baseball and softball, a relief pitcher or reliever is a pitcher who enters the game after the starting pitcher is removed due to injury, ineffectiveness, fatigue, ejection, or for other strategic reasons, such as being substituted by a pinch hitter.
The National League of Professional Baseball Clubs, known simply as the National League, is the older of two leagues constituting Major League Baseball in the United States and Canada, and the world's oldest current professional team sports league.
Major League Baseball annually honors its best relief pitchers in the American League and National League with the Mariano Rivera AL Reliever of the Year Award and Trevor Hoffman NL Reliever of the Year Award, respectively.
The Reds traded Chapman to the Yankees after the 2015 season, and the Yankees traded Chapman to the Cubs during the 2016 season.
Chapman holds the record for the fastest recorded pitch speed in MLB history at 105.1 mph as well as the Guinness World Record for fastest baseball pitch for a male.
Guinness World Records, known from its inception in 1955 until 1998 as The Guinness Book of Records and in previous U.S. editions as The Guinness Book of World Records, is a reference book published annually, listing world records and national records, both of human achievements and the extremes of the natural world.
On July 11, 2014, Chapman broke the record, previously held by Bruce Sutter, for the most consecutive relief appearances with a strikeout, having struck out at least one batter in 40 consecutive appearances.
In baseball or softball, a strikeout occurs when a batter accumulates three strikes during a time at bat.
Howard Bruce Sutter is a former Major League Baseball right-handed relief pitcher.
Chapman's streak began on August 21, 2013, and lasted 49 consecutive games over two seasons, with the 49th and final game being on August 13, 2014.