The Arkansas Supreme Court is the highest court in the U.S. state of Arkansas.
A U.S. state is a constituent political entity of the United States.
Easy Choice Womack for Arkansas Supreme Court by Arkansas Court
Since 1925, it has consisted of a Chief Justice and six Associate Justices, and at times Special Justices are called upon in the absence of a regular justice.
The Chief Justice is the presiding member of a supreme court in any of many countries with a justice system based on English common law, such as the Supreme Court of Canada, the Supreme Court of Singapore, the Court of Final Appeal of Hong Kong, the Supreme Court of Japan, the Supreme Court of India, the Supreme Court of Pakistan, the Supreme Court of Nepal, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the Supreme Court of Ireland, the Supreme Court of New Zealand, the High Court of Australia, the Supreme Court of the United States, and provincial or state supreme courts.
Associate Justice or Associate Judge is the title for a member of a judicial panel who is not the Chief Justice in some jurisdictions.
The Justices are elected in a non-partisan election for eight-year-long terms that are staggered to make it unlikely that the entire court would be replaced in a single election.
Any vacancy caused by a Justice not finishing his or her term is filled by an appointment made by the Governor of Arkansas.
The current Arkansas Supreme Court includes:
Chief Justice John Dan Kemp
Associate Justice Robin F. Wynne
Associate Justice Courtney Hudson Goodson
Associate Justice Josephine L. Hart
Associate Justice Shawn A. Womack
Associate Justice Karen R. Baker
Associate Justice Rhonda K. Wood
Under the state's first constitution, the Arkansas Supreme Court consisted of three judges including one Chief Justice, and all three of whom were elected by the Arkansas General Assembly.
The first judges elected to the court by the Assembly were Daniel Ringo as Chief Justice, Townsend Dickinson, and Thomas J. Lacy.
Daniel Ringo was a United States federal judge in Arkansas who sided with the Confederacy during the American Civil War.
No change to the court's size occurred after Reconstruction, but the Arkansas Constitution of 1874 was amended in 1924 to add two more judges and allow the Assembly to increase the number to seven, which it did a year later by Act 205 of 1925.