Aretha Louise Franklin is an American singer, songwriter and musician.
Aretha Franklin - Willing To Forgive by ArethaFranklinVEVO
Franklin began her career singing gospel at her father, minister C. L. Franklin's church as a child.
Clarence LaVaughn Franklin, better known as Bishop C. L. Franklin or The Reverend C. L. Franklin, was an American Baptist minister and civil rights activist.
Aretha Franklin - Freeway Of Love by ArethaFranklinVEVO
In 1960, at the age of 18, Franklin embarked on a secular career, recording for Columbia Records but only achieving modest success.
Columbia Records is an American record label owned by Sony Music Entertainment, a subsidiary of Sony Corporation of America, Inc., the United States division of Sony Corporation.
Following her signing to Atlantic Records in 1967, Franklin achieved commercial acclaim and success with songs such as "Respect", " A Natural Woman" and "Think".
The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans with a total area of about 106,460,000 square kilometres, slightly more than half that of the Pacific Ocean.
Atlantic Recording Corporation is an American record label founded in October 1947 by Ahmet Ertegün and Herb Abramson.
These hits and more helped her to gain the title The Queen of Soul by the end of the 1960s decade.
Franklin eventually recorded a total of 112 charted singles on Billboard, including 77 Hot 100 entries, 17 top ten pop singles, 100 R&B entries and twenty number-one R&B singles, becoming the most charted female artist in the chart's history.
Franklin also recorded acclaimed albums such as I Never Loved a Man the Way I Love You, Lady Soul, Young, Gifted & Black and Amazing Grace before experiencing problems with her record company by the mid-1970s.
Lady Soul is the fourteenth studio album by American singer Aretha Franklin, Released on January 22, 1968 by Atlantic Records.
I Never Loved a Man the Way I Love You is the eleventh studio album by American singer Aretha Franklin.
After her father was shot in 1979, Franklin left Atlantic and signed with Arista Records, finding success with her part in the film The Blues Brothers and with the albums Jump to It and Who's Zoomin' Who?.
"Who's Zoomin' Who" is a song performed by Aretha Franklin and released as a single in 1985, from the album of the same name.
Jump To It is an album by Aretha Franklin, produced by Luther Vandross and originally released in the summer of 1982.
In 1998, Franklin won international acclaim for singing the opera aria "Nessun dorma", at the Grammys of that year replacing Luciano Pavarotti.
Luciano Pavarotti, Cavaliere di Gran Croce OMRI was an Italian operatic tenor who also crossed over into popular music, eventually becoming one of the most commercially successful tenors of all time.
"Nessun dorma" is an aria from the final act of Giacomo Puccini's frequently performed opera Turandot and is one of the best-known tenor arias in all opera.
Later that same year, she scored her final Top 40 recording with "A Rose Is Still a Rose".
Franklin's other popular and well known hits include "Rock Steady", "Something He Can Feel", "Jump to It", "Freeway of Love", "Who's Zoomin' Who", "Sisters Are Doin' It for Themselves", "I Knew You Were Waiting ", "It Isn't, It Wasn't, It Ain't Never Gonna Be" and a remake of The Rolling Stones song "Jumpin' Jack Flash".
"It Isn't, It Wasn't, It Ain't Never Gonna Be" is a duet recorded between Aretha Franklin and Whitney Houston, and appeared on Franklin's 1989 album Through the Storm.
"Freeway of Love" is a Grammy Award-winning hit song released as the first single from Aretha Franklin's Platinum-certified 1985 album Who's Zoomin' Who?
"Sisters Are Doin' It for Themselves" is a 1985 song recorded as a duet by the British pop duo Eurythmics and American soul/R&B singer Aretha Franklin.
Franklin has won a total of 18 Grammy Awards and is one of the best-selling artists of all time, having sold over 75 million records worldwide.
Franklin has been honored throughout her career including a 1987 induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, in which she became the first female performer to be inducted.
The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum is a hall of fame and museum located on the shore of Lake Erie in downtown Cleveland, Ohio, United States.
She was inducted to the UK Music Hall of Fame in 2005.
The UK Music Hall of Fame was an awards ceremony to honour musicians, of any nationality, for their lifetime contributions to music in the United Kingdom.
In August 2012, Franklin was inducted into the GMA Gospel Music Hall of Fame.
The Gospel Music Hall of Fame, created in 1971 by the Gospel Music Association, is a Hall of Fame dedicated exclusively to recognizing meaningful contributions by individuals and groups in all forms of gospel music.
Franklin is listed in at least two all-time lists on Rolling Stone magazine, including the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time, in which she placed number 9, and the 100 Greatest Singers of All Time in which she placed number 1.