the Arabian Peninsula


The Arabian Peninsula, simplified Arabia is a peninsula of Western Asia situated northeast of Africa on the Arabian plate.

A peninsula is a piece of land extending out into a body of water that is still connected to mainland or a piece of land that is bordered by water on three sides but connected to mainland, for example, the upper and lower peninsulas of the state of Michigan, the peninsula of downtown Vancouver, or the Niagara peninsula.

Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the eastern and northern hemispheres and sharing the continental landmass of Eurasia with the continent of Europe.

Western Asia, West Asia, Southwestern Asia or Southwest Asia is the westernmost subregion of Asia.

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From a geological perspective, it is considered a subcontinent of Asia.

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It is the largest peninsula in the world, at 3,237,500 km2.


The Arabian Peninsula consists of the countries Yemen, Oman, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates as well as parts of southern Iraq and Jordan.

The United Arab Emirates, sometimes simply called the Emirates or the UAE, is a Middle Eastern federation country in Western Asia, at the southeast end of the Arabian Peninsula occupying the Persian Gulf bordering Oman to the east and Saudi Arabia to the south, and shares marine borders with Qatar and Iran.

Iraq, officially the Republic of Iraq is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest, and Syria to the west.

Qatar, officially the State of Qatar, is a sovereign country located in Western Asia, occupying the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula.


The peninsula formed as a result of the rifting of the Red Sea between 56 and 23 million years ago, and is bordered by the Red Sea to the west and southwest, the Persian Gulf to the northeast, the Levant to the north and the Indian Ocean to the southeast.

The Levant is an approximate historical geographical term referring to a large area in the eastern Mediterranean.

The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering 70,560,000 km2.


The Arabian Peninsula plays a critical geopolitical role in the Middle East and the Arab world due to its vast reserves of oil and natural gas.

Natural gas is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon gas mixture consisting primarily of methane, but commonly including varying amounts of other higher alkanes, and sometimes a small percentage of carbon dioxide, nitrogen, hydrogen sulfide, or helium.

The Arab world, also known as the Arab nation, consists of the 22 Arabic-speaking countries of the Arab League.


Before the modern era, it was divided into four distinct regions: Hejaz, Najd, Southern Arabia and Eastern Arabia.

South Arabia is a historical region that consists of the southern region of the Arabian Peninsula, mainly centered in what is now the Republic of Yemen, yet it has historically also included Najran, Jizan, and 'Asir, which are presently in Saudi Arabia, and the Dhofar of present-day Oman.

Najd or Nejd is the geographical central region of Saudi Arabia in which twenty-eight percent of Saudis live.


Hejaz and Najd make up most of Saudi Arabia.


Southern Arabia consists of Yemen and some parts of Saudi Arabia and Oman.


Eastern Arabia consists of the entire coastal strip of the Persian Gulf.

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