Animal welfare is the well-being of animals.
Well-being, wellbeing, welfare or wellness is a general term for the condition of an individual or group, for example their social, economic, psychological, spiritual or medical state; a high level of well-being means in some sense the individual or group's condition is positive, while low well-being is associated with negative happenings.
Animals are multicellular, eukaryotic organisms of the kingdom Animalia.
Animal Welfare vs. Animal Rights by AnimalWonders Montana
The standards of "good" animal welfare vary considerably between different contexts.
What is Animal Welfare by Compassion in World Farming
These standards are under constant review and are debated, created and revised by animal welfare groups, legislators and academics worldwide.
Animal welfare science uses various measures, such as longevity, disease, immunosuppression, behavior, physiology, and reproduction, although there is debate about which of these indicators provide the best information.
The word "longevity" is sometimes used as a synonym for "life expectancy" in demography - however, the term "longevity" is sometimes meant to refer only to especially long-lived members of a population, whereas "life expectancy" is always defined statistically as the average number of years remaining at a given age.
Animal welfare science is the scientific study of the welfare of animals as pets, in zoos, laboratories, on farms and in the wild.
A disease is a particular abnormal condition, a disorder of a structure or function, that affects part or all of an organism.
Concern for animal welfare is often based on the belief that non-human animals are sentient and that consideration should be given to their well-being or suffering, especially when they are under the care of humans.
Suffering, or pain in a broad sense, may be an experience of unpleasantness and aversion associated with the perception of harm or threat of harm in an individual.
Sentience is the capacity to feel, perceive, or experience subjectively.
These concerns can include how animals are slaughtered for food, how they are used in scientific research, how they are kept, and how human activities affect the welfare and survival of wild species.
Animal welfare was a concern of some ancient civilizations but began to take a larger place in Western public policy in 19th-century Great Britain.
Great Britain, also known as Britain, is a large island in the north Atlantic Ocean off the north-west coast of continental Europe.
In the 21st century, it is a significant focus of interest in science, ethics, and animal welfare organizations.
There are two forms of criticism of the concept of animal welfare, coming from diametrically opposite positions.
One view, dating back centuries, asserts that animals are not consciously aware and hence are unable to experience poor welfare.
This once-dominant argument is at odds with the predominant view of modern neuroscientists, who, notwithstanding philosophical problems with the definition of consciousness even in humans, now generally hold that animals are conscious.
However, some still maintain that consciousness is a philosophical question that may never be scientifically resolved.
The other view is based on the animal rights position that animals should not be regarded as property and any use of animals by humans is unacceptable.
Animal rights is the idea that some, or all, non-human animals are entitled to the possession of their own lives and that their most basic interests—such as the need to avoid suffering—should be afforded the same consideration as similar interests of human beings.
Accordingly, some animal rights proponents argue that the perception of better animal welfare facilitates continued and increased exploitation of animals.
Some authorities therefore treat animal welfare and animal rights as two opposing positions.
Others see the increasing concern for animal welfare as incremental steps towards animal rights.
The most widely held position in the western world is a mid-way utilitarian point-of-view; the position that it is morally acceptable for humans to use non-human animals, provided that adverse effects on animal welfare are minimized as much as possible.