Angela Dorothea Merkel is a German stateswoman who is the current Chancellor of Germany and the leader of the Christian Democratic Union.
Chancellor is a title of various official positions in the governments of many nations.
Angela Merkel und Joachim Gauck angespuckt und beschimpft ... by Entertainment in your face
A former research scientist with a doctorate in physical chemistry, Merkel entered politics in the wake of the Revolutions of 1989, and briefly served as a deputy spokesperson for the first democratically-elected East German Government headed by Lothar de Maizière in 1990.
Physical chemistry is the study of macroscopic, atomic, subatomic, and particulate phenomena in chemical systems in terms of the principles, practices and concepts of physics such as motion, energy, force, time, thermodynamics, quantum chemistry, statistical mechanics, dynamics and equilibrium.
The Revolutions of 1989 were part of a revolutionary wave in the late 1980s and early 1990s that resulted in the end of communist rule in Central and Eastern Europe and beyond.
A scientist is a person engaging in a systematic activity to acquire knowledge that describes and predicts the natural world.
Merkel's party defeated in Germany state election by CNN
Following German reunification in 1990, Merkel was elected to the Bundestag for Stralsund-Nordvorpommern-Rügen in the state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, a seat she has held ever since.
The German reunification was the process in 1990 in which the German Democratic Republic joined the Federal Republic of Germany to form the reunited nation of Germany, and when Berlin reunited into a single city, as provided by its then Grundgesetz constitution Article 23.
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [ˈmeːklənbʊʁk ˈfoːɐ̯pɔmɐn] is a federated state in northern Germany.
Unification or unification theory may refer to:
Merkel was appointed as the Minister for Women and Youth in the federal government under Chancellor Helmut Kohl in 1991, and became the Minister for the Environment in 1994.
Helmut Josef Michael Kohl is a German retired politician and statesman, who served as Chancellor of Germany from 1982 to 1998 and as the chairman of the Christian Democratic Union from 1973 to 1998.
After her party lost the federal election in 1998, Merkel was elected Secretary-General of the CDU before becoming the party's first woman leader two years later in the aftermath of a donations scandal that toppled Wolfgang Schäuble.
Wolfgang Schäuble is a German politician of the Christian Democratic Union who has served as Germany's Federal Minister of Finance in the second and third Merkel cabinets since 2009.
Following the 2005 federal election, Merkel was appointed Germany's first woman Chancellor at the head of a grand coalition consisting of the CDU, its Bavarian sister party, the Christian Social Union, and the Social Democratic Party of Germany.
A grand coalition is an arrangement in a multi-party parliamentary system in which the two largest political parties of opposing political ideologies unite in a coalition government.
In the 2009 federal election, the CDU obtained the largest share of the vote and Merkel was able to form a coalition government with the support of the Free Democratic Party.
At the 2013 federal election, Merkel won a landslide victory with 41.5% of the vote, falling just short of an overall majority, and formed a second grand coalition with the SPD, after the FDP lost all of its representation in the Bundestag.
In 2007, Merkel was President of the European Council and chaired the G8, the second woman to do so.
The European Council, charged with defining the EU's overall political direction and priorities, is the institution of the European Union that comprises the heads of state or government of the member states, along with the President of the European Council and the President of the European Commission.
The President of the European Council is a principal representative of the European Union on the world stage, and the person presiding over and driving forward the work of the European Council.
Merkel played a central role in the negotiation of the Treaty of Lisbon and the Berlin Declaration.
One of Merkel's priorities was also to strengthen transatlantic economic relations by signing the agreement for the Transatlantic Economic Council on 30 April 2007.
The Transatlantic Economic Council is a body set up between the United States and European Union to direct economic cooperation between the two economies.
It has been said that Merkel played a crucial role in managing the financial crisis at the European and international level, and has been referred to as "the decider."
In domestic policy, health care reform and problems concerning future energy development have been major issues during her Chancellorship, and more recently her government's approach to the ongoing migrant crisis.
Health care reform is a general rubric used for discussing major health policy creation or changes—for the most part, governmental policy that affects health care delivery in a given place.
Energy development is a field of endeavor focused on making available sufficient primary energy sources and secondary energy forms to meet the needs of society.
Merkel has been widely described as the de facto leader of the European Union throughout her tenure as Chancellor.
The European Union is a politico-economic union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe.
Merkel appeared on the Forbes Magazine's List of The World's Most Powerful People as the world's second most powerful person, selected by Forbes magazine in 2012 and 2015.
Since 2009, Forbes has compiled an annual list of the world's most powerful people.
In December 2015, Merkel was named as Time magazine's Person of the Year, with the magazine's cover declaring her to be the "Chancellor of the Free World."
On 26 March 2014, Merkel became the longest-serving incumbent head of government in the European Union and she is currently the senior G7 leader.
Head of government is a generic term used for either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony who often presides over a cabinet.
In May 2016, Merkel was named the most powerful woman in the world for a record tenth time by Forbes.
In 2016 Merkel was described by The New York Times as "the Liberal West's Last Defender" and by Timothy Garton Ash as "the leader of the free world."
The New York Times is an American daily newspaper, founded and continuously published in New York City since September 18, 1851, by The New York Times Company.
Timothy Garton Ash CMG FRSA is a British historian, author and commentator.