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11 Facts About the African National Congress

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The African National Congress is the Republic of South Africa's governing social democratic political party.

Social democracy is a political, social and economic ideology that supports economic and social interventions to promote social justice within the framework of a capitalist economy, as well as a policy regime involving a commitment to representative democracy, measures for income redistribution, and regulation of the economy in the general interest and welfare state provisions.

African National Congress manifesto by eNCA

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It has been the ruling party of post-apartheid South Africa on the national level, beginning with the election of Nelson Mandela in the 1994 election, the first after the end of apartheid.

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, politician, and philanthropist, who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999.

Apartheid was a system of institutionalised racial segregation and discrimination in South Africa between 1948 and 1991, when it was abolished.

Kill-White-Man Songs of African National Congress (Mandela/Obama) by Patriot Fire

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Today, the ANC remains the dominant political party in South Africa, winning every election since 1994.

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Its leader Jacob Zuma is the incumbent head of state.

Jacob Gedleyihlekisa Zuma, GCB is the President of South Africa, elected by parliament following his party's victory in the 2009 general election.

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Founded on 8 January 1912 by John Langalibalele Dube in Bloemfontein as the South African Native National Congress, its primary mission was to end apartheid and give voting rights to black and mixed race Africans.

Bloemfontein is the capital city of the province of Free State of South Africa; and, as the judicial capital of the nation, one of South Africa's three national capitals.

John Langalibalele Dube was a South African essayist, philosopher, educator, politician, publisher, editor, novelist and poet.

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The ANC originally attempted to use nonviolent protests to end apartheid, however, the Sharpeville massacre resulted in the deaths of 69 black Africans and contributed to deteriorating relations with the South African government.

The Sharpeville massacre was an event which occurred on 21 March 1960, at the police station in the South African township of Sharpeville in Transvaal.

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On 8 April 1960, the administration of Charles Robberts Swart, banned the ANC and forced the party to leave South Africa.

Charles Robberts Swart was a South African politician who served as the last Governor-General of Union of South Africa from 1959 to 1961 and the first State President of the Republic of South Africa from 1961 to 1967.

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After the ban, the ANC formed the Umkhonto we Sizwe to fight against apartheid utilizing guerrilla warfare and sabotage.

Guerrilla warfare is a form of irregular warfare in which a small group of combatants such as paramilitary personnel, armed civilians, or irregulars use military tactics including ambushes, sabotage, raids, petty warfare, hit-and-run tactics, and mobility to fight a larger and less-mobile traditional military.

uMkhonto we Sizwe was the armed wing of the African National Congress, co-founded by Nelson Mandela in the wake of the Sharpeville massacre.

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On 3 February 1990, State President F. W. de Klerk lifted the ban on the ANC and released Nelson Mandela on 11 February 1990.

Frederik Willem de Klerk is a South African politician who served as the country's State President from August 1989 to May 1994.

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On 17 March 1992, the apartheid referendum was passed by the voters removing apartheid and allowing the ANC to run in the 1994 election.

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Since the 1994 election the ANC has performed better than 60% in all general elections, including the most recent 2014 election.

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