African-American History


African-American history is the branch of American history that specifically discusses the African-American or Black American ethnic groups in the United States.

An ethnic group or ethnicity is a category of people who identify with each other based on similarities such as common ancestral, language, social, cultural or national experiences.

African Americans are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the Black racial groups of Africa.

The date of the start of the history of the United States is a subject of debate among historians.

Lecture 1 | African-American History (Stanford) by Stanford


Most African Americans are the descendants of Africans forcibly brought to and held captive in the United States from 1555 to 1865.

A Visual Timeline of African American History by Rebekah C.


Blacks from the Caribbean whose ancestors immigrated, or who immigrated to the U.S., also traditionally have been considered African-American, as they share a common history of predominantly West African or Central African roots, the Middle Passage and slavery.

Slavery is a legal or economic system in which principles of property law are applied to humans allowing them to be classified as property, to be owned, bought and sold accordingly, and they cannot withdraw unilaterally from the arrangement.

Central Africa is a core region of the African continent which includes Burundi, the Central African Republic, Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Rwanda.

The Middle Passage was the stage of the triangular trade in which millions of Africans were shipped to the New World as part of the Atlantic slave trade.


African Americans have been known by various names throughout American history, including colored and Negro, which are no longer accepted in English.

Colored is a term used in the United States, predominantly in the South during the racial segregation era, and the United Kingdom to describe people who were not categorized as "white" or those with mixed racial heritage.


Instead the most usual and accepted terms nowadays are African American and Black, which however may have different connotations.


The term person of color usually refers not only to African Americans, but also to other non-white ethnic groups.


Others who sometimes are referred to as African Americans, and who may identify themselves as such in US government censuses, include relatively recent Black immigrants from Africa, South America and elsewhere.


African-American history is celebrated and highlighted annually in the United States during February, designated as Black History Month.

Black History Month, also known as African-American History Month in America, is an annual observance in the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom for remembrance of important people and events in the history of the African diaspora.


Although previously marginalized, African-American history has gained ground in school and university curricula and gained wider scholarly attention since the late 20th century.

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