GossipSloth

the Afghan National Police

1

The Afghan National Police is the national police force of Afghanistan, serving as a single law enforcement agency all across the country.

A police force is a constituted body of persons empowered by the state to enforce the law, protect property, and limit civil disorder.

Afghanistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia.

A law enforcement agency, in North American English, is a government agency responsible for the enforcement of the laws.

Afghan National Police Check Point by US Military Videos & Photos

2

The agency is under the responsibility of Afghanistan's Ministry of Interior Affairs, headed by Nur ul-Haq Ulumi.

Nur ul-Haq Ulumi is an Afghan politician, who served as a Member of the House of the People from 2005 to 2010.

3

The ANP has about 157,000 active members as of September 2013, which is expected to reach 160,000 by the end of 2014.

4

The Afghan police traces its roots to the early 18th-century when the Hotaki dynasty was established in Kandahar followed by Ahmad Shah Durrani's rise to power.

The Hotak dynasty or the Hotaki dynasty was an Afghan monarchy of the Ghilji Pashtuns, established in April 1709 by Mirwais Hotak after leading a successful revolution against their declining Persian Safavid overlords in Kandahar.

Ahmad Shāh Durrānī, also known as Ahmad Khān Abdālī, was the founder of the Durrani Empire and is regarded as the founder of the modern state of Afghanistan.

Kandahar or Qandahar is the second-largest city in Afghanistan, with a population of about 491,500 as of 2012.

5

It was reorganized in 1880 during Emir Abdur Rahman Khan's reign.

An Emir, sometimes transliterated Amir, Amier, or Ameer, is an aristocratic or noble title of high office used in a variety of places in the Arab countries and Afghanistan.

6

The current ANP was rebuilt after the removal of the Taliban government in late 2001.

The Taliban, alternatively spelled Taleban, is an Islamic fundamentalist political movement in Afghanistan currently waging war within that country.

7

Various government agencies from the United States as well as Germany's Bundespolizei and the United Kingdom's Ministry of Defence Police provided most of the early training.

8

In 2007, the EU-led mission was heading the civilian policing in the Kabul area but by 2005 the United States established training programs in all the provinces of Afghanistan.

Kabul is the capital of Afghanistan as well as its largest city, located in the eastern section of the country.

9

As of 2009, it is being trained by the International Security Assistance Force under NATO Training Mission-Afghanistan.

The NATO Training Mission-Afghanistan is a multinational military organisation, activated in November 2009, tasked with providing a higher-level training for the Afghan National Army and Afghan Air Force, including defense colleges and academies, as well as being responsible for doctrine development, and training and advising Afghan National Police.

The International Security Assistance Force was a NATO-led security mission in Afghanistan, established by the United Nations Security Council in December 2001 by Resolution 1386, as envisaged by the Bonn Agreement.

10

Police officers in Afghanistan are largely illiterate, approximately 17 percent of them tested positive for illegal drugs in 2010, and they were widely accused of demanding bribes.

11

Attempts to build a credible Afghan police force were faltering badly, according to NATO officials, making it difficult to build a capable national force.

12

A quarter of the officers quit every year, making the Afghan government's goals of substantially building up the police force even harder to achieve.

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