Activism consists of efforts to promote, impede, or direct social, political, economic, and/or environmental reform or stasis with the desire to make improvements in society.
Forms of activism range from writing letters to newspapers or to politicians, political campaigning, economic activism such as boycotts or preferentially patronizing businesses, rallies, street marches, strikes, sit-ins, and hunger strikes.
A hunger strike is a method of non-violent resistance or pressure in which participants fast as an act of political protest, or to provoke feelings of guilt in others, usually with the objective to achieve a specific goal, such as a policy change.
A boycott is an act of voluntarily abstaining from using, buying, or dealing with a person, organization, or country as an expression of protest, usually for social or political reasons.
A sit-in or sit-down is a form of direct action that involves one or more people occupying an area for a protest, often to promote political, social, or economic change.
One can also express activism through different forms of art.
Daily acts of protest such as not buying clothes from a certain clothing company because they exploit workers is another form of activism.
One view holds that acknowledging privileges and oppressions on a daily basis ranks as a form of activism.
Research has begun to explore how activist groups use social media to facilitate civic engagement and collective action.
Social media are computer-mediated technologies that facilitate the creation and sharing of information, ideas, career interests and other forms of expression via virtual communities and networks.
Civic engagement or civic participation is any individual or group activity addressing issues of public concern.
The Online Etymology Dictionary records the English words "activism" and "activist" from 1920 and from 1915 respectively.
The Online Etymology Dictionary is a free online dictionary written and compiled by Douglas Harper that describes the origins of English-language words.